You know, we all discuss different Ubuntu and Manjaro, pick up their advantages, but always avoid Russian products. And they, meanwhile, quite deserve close attention. Russians develop their products no worse than their foreign colleagues and quite succeed in creating several specialized solutions.
Let’s get to know each other.
It’s probably the oldest surviving distribution. ALT once started as a branch of Red Hat Linux, but over time it became obsolete and overgrown with infrastructure, developers and even the community.
All right, ALT is not a single distribution, but an entire platform on which different systems are built for different needs.
The platform itself is actively developing due to its focus on government structures – there is a distribution for educational institutions and a separate distribution for officials. Besides, there is also a distribution for home use – Simply Linux, which is notable for simplifying everything and everything. A distinctive feature of ALT can be called Sysyphus – a repository and community that develops software. A real community, the developments of which ALT uses in its products.
In general, if you are primarily interested in the origin of the distribution – ALT (in the version you are more interested in) – this is a great solution.
Rosa is the second public sector oriented distribution. However, its developers strive to create a flexible system that can be used by an ordinary user at home. In my opinion, it turns out quite well.
Fast, fast build, convenient toolset and relatively fresh software – as a bonus.
There is only a slow (in my opinion) development. I have an impression that the developers have sharply reduced their speed over the last couple of years.
Unlike Rosa and Alta, “Pinch” is oriented towards other users. The creators of the distribution, Calculite, simply tried to build a Gentoo Linux build for their internal production consumption. It is quickly deployable, scalable and customizable in the Russian business environment.
I will honestly say that the distribution has a side effect, but a very, very pleasant one – a weak Calculate machine will breathe a second life. However, it will take longer to install programs in Calculate. But the work is faster and more comfortable. Is there anything to choose from? 🙂
The only minus here is the need to dive especially Gentoo in case the user needs to solve some non-trivial task.
Other one public sector oriented distribution. Built on Debian Linux, but very much redesigned. Judging by the official website, this distribution is the one used by many domestic law enforcement agencies.
I note that on Astra I have seen many complaints from specialists precisely in the performance of the tasks of landing the distribution for specific needs. But those who have put it as a regular home operating system, mostly comment favorably on it.
If you are not tired of Ubuntu yet, the Runtu project will help you get closer to your favorite distribution. Runtu builds are fully Russified versions of LTS distributions of Ubuntu.
Runtu’s site is so uninformative that you cannot understand anything else about the distribution without trying it. So let’s get cocky.
There is one very interesting development in the Linux world – Scientific Linux, which is being developed with the support of CERN and Fermilab. It is an international project of an operating system tailored to the needs of the scientific community. This is the basis for the creation of Noulinux, addressed to the scientific community and students. It’s very specific and I haven’t tried it, honestly.
Surely, these are not all distributions that have a “Russian registration”.