What are hackers looking for? Anonymity is, of course, very important for black and gray work. Thus, the hacker chooses an operating system based on the exploits he or she chooses.
The type of features and hacker tools that come with the operating system are somewhat secondary, although they are just as important.
Professional hackers who worry about their freedom have special software that can cause overheating in the system and completely disable the computer. As a result, all the information that was on it will be destroyed and cannot be recovered.
However, this software is not in great demand, given the fact that it can only be used with Windows-based malware such as Trojan, etc. Also, this software can only work with certain versions of the .NET Framework, which is not very easy to use.
Using this kind of software, they (hackers) can create a virtual image of any operating system that is fully encrypted and placed on an encrypted device (usually an SD card). In turn, the SD card is removed before destroying the computer. It contains the most important files, which cannot be ignored or simply destroyed.
Most hackers prefer Linux distributions developed by companies that specialize in security. These systems were designed for digital forensics, network testing and penetration. Let’s take apart some of them.
Kali Linux is by far the most popular operating system preferred by hackers, and this is mainly due to the versatility of the platform and its features.
The Linux distribution created by Debian was developed by Devon Kearns and Matti Aharoni, who “recreated” from the dead BackTrack. This project was supported and funded by Offensive Security Ltd.
Basically, the updated version of BackTrack – Kali Linux has a bunch of updates, including a new feature – running on behalf of an expert (forensic mode), which makes it easier for Kali users to use their bootable CD or USB drive.
It is also compatible with some Android devices such as NetHunter. This platform has fully open source code for Android, which works mainly with some Nexus and Samsung devices.
Parrot Security OS
Popularly known as PattotSec, Linux is a distribution that, in addition to performing penetration tests on other people’s networks, has also been designed for computer use, forensic assessment and network vulnerability.
The GNU / Linux operating system is a favorite among hackers.
The system is designed for hacking, manual testing of networks and cloud pentesting, cryptography and other tasks.
Network Security Toolkit (NST)
NST, like its predecessors, has fully open source code.
The bootable OC is designed primarily for security professionals and is suitable for routine diagnostic tasks. Although it can also act as a monitoring tool for servers hosting virtual machines.
Most of the tasks performed in NST can be obtained through a web-based interface known as the NST WUI. NST is similar to Fedora because it also comes with a package of all the utilities you need.
The Digital Evidence and Forensics Toolkit is another favorite open source hacker toolkit, which is a huge plus for many hackers who started with the Digital Advanced Response Toolkit (DART).
Written from scratch, the Ubuntu-based operating system is used for computer forensics and incident response tools (911 calls, etc.).
The license policy says that you can choose the type of software that you need and will install on your operating system.
Samurai Web Security Framework
This Live Linux environment, which comes with a pre-configured system, can act as a tool to hack into corporate networks. The Samurai Web Security Framework CD contains free and open source tools that are specifically designed for hackers who want to test, access or hack into websites.
Available options and features for everyone
Hackers lack options when it comes to operating systems that are specifically designed for different purposes. Although Linux seems to dominate the market for hackers, some “people” still prefer Windows. Given the fact that most ordinary users use Windows, some utilities can only be available with this operating system.