Inkjet printer. Self-service.

This article will discuss what requirements and measures need to be taken to prevent a home inkjet printer. Compliance with these elementary measures will not take much time and effort, but will be able to extend the working condition, thus helping to save money. After all, you do not want to spend money every year on a new printer or print head, which usually costs the same as a new inkjet printer. Or to constantly eliminate failures in the printer, to take out chewed paper from it, or to observe disgusting quality of the print. Many of these problems are due to improper printer care, which can be avoided quite easily.

Keep in mind that one of the most vulnerable and yet most expensive elements of a inkjet printer is its printing head. First of all, you have to take care of it. And the worst trouble that can happen to it is the hopeless drying of its nozzles. The reason for this can be either the poor quality of ink used, or very rare use of the printer.

Try to use only original consumables for printing if possible, or at least alternate original ink cartridges with non-original ones. This is especially true for printers where the print head is not part of an ink cartridge, such as Epson inkjet printers. For these printers, the printhead does not change with the cartridge and therefore stays in the printer for the duration of its life. And as practice shows, the most common reason for failure of such printers is exactly drying of the print head. It is recommended to switch on your printer for printing at least once every two weeks. Just turn on the printer, and then, after a little waiting for it to finish a series of auto tests, notifying that it has squeezed another portion of ink through the nozzles of the print head, turn it off.

Much easier with printers that change the print head with an ink cartridge are Hewlett Packard inkjet printers, for example. You don’t have to worry about his printer drying out its head. Even if it does, you can easily replace an ink cartridge that already contains a brand new head. But still do not be negligent to such printers, because do not forget that the price of a new ink cartridge is quite high. In addition, it is not necessary to change the cartridge when it runs out of ink, it can be easily filled twice or three times, which is much cheaper than buying a new ink cartridge.

Do not forget to use absolutely any inkjet printer quite often. The formula here is very simple: the more often the printer is in operation, the less likely the print head is to dry out.

It is also necessary to take into account the temperature and humidity in the room when operating an inkjet printer. Please refer to the operating instructions of your particular printer for these parameters and at least be careful not to exceed the required temperature and humidity values. If the temperature is too low, the mechanical part of the printer will not start working properly due to the increased viscosity of the oil that lubricates the moving parts. If the temperature is too high, the printer overheats, which also leads to a deterioration in the quality of its work, and therefore, to a reduction in its service life. In addition, too high a temperature affects the viscosity of ink and thus directly affects the quality of printing. Incorrect moisture balance in the room affects the paper surface, which can cause printing quality to deteriorate noticeably.

Dust is the main enemy of inkjet printer

It is the dust that can cause many of its mechanical parts to jam, which can cause the printer to fail very quickly. For example, the motor of the carriage drive can burn due to excessive contamination of the carriage guide shaft. Many inkjet printer users will probably remember this picture when you suddenly hear an eerie crackling as the print head moves along the carriage guide shaft when you try to print a document instead of the usual quiet operation of the printer. In this case, the printer gives an error message, the print area shifts strongly to the side, and, as a rule, the print quality is severely impaired, sometimes it is even completely impossible to disassemble what the printer is printing. All these symptoms clearly indicate that his printer has a very dirty carriage guide shaft. And it is precisely because there is always a lot of dust around the printer that can easily stick to the guide shaft. The shaft, on the other hand, must always be lubricated. And the dust coking on the shaft forms a very dense and viscous coating, which greatly increases the sliding friction coefficient of the carriage bearing against the guide shaft. This results in the carriage no longer being able to move normally on the shaft and it simply begins to brake heavily on the way, which, if not noticed in time, can cause the printer to fail.

How do you fight dust in an inkjet printer?
First of all, you should protect his printer from dust. For example, you should do the wet cleaning in the room where the printer is located as often as possible. Secondly, you should protect the printer from dust individually. This can easily be done, for example, by simply covering your printer with a polyethylene or cloth cover. Or you can easily pull a large plastic bag over the printer. Remember to cover your inkjet printer every time it finishes its work, because if you follow this recommendation, you will probably be able to significantly extend the time interval between maintenance of the printer.

It is also necessary to periodically perform

maintenance of the printer, which consists of cleaning the printer units from dust, dirt and ink residue, as well as periodically lubricating certain internal elements.

It is best to inspect the printer units externally and clean them from dust without disassembling the printer at least once every 2-3 months. It is also necessary to check the tension of the belt drive belt, the belt should not slacken visually but should not be tensioned like a drum. Check the condition of rubber rollers and other rubber parts. Rubber must not have any visible cracks, the rollers must be of correct geometrical shape and under no circumstances have any peeled off areas. If defects are detected, you should immediately contact the service center for defect and further repair of the printer, if necessary.

After external inspection, you can start cleaning the printer from dust and dirt. To do so, you will need to remove paper from the printer. Next, you can clean the printer case parts and the paper feed tray. It is best to wipe the printer body with a clean, lint-free, lint-free cloth. In case of severe soiling, you can use detergents. These can be, for example, any non abrasive detergent for washing dishes (liquid soap, etc.). Under no circumstances should you use a variety of solvents to wash the case, as they may damage the external elements, which will severely affect the appearance of the printer. Also, never wash the printer body parts with plenty of water as there is a risk of water getting on the inside of the printer, which is highly undesirable. Some internal parts of the printer can then be cleaned from dust. To do this, if you have a compressor, you can blow a large jet of air through the inside cavity of the printer or simply vacuum this cavity with a normal home vacuum cleaner with a flexible fine nozzle at the end. You can also use a soft brush or brush to remove dust from some plastic parts.



So, all of the above activities are certainly very important and just necessary to save the life of his printer, but as you probably have guessed, these activities are not enough to implement a full and competent care for his inkjet printer. After all, you judge, completely remove dust from all internal parts and mechanisms with a single vacuum cleaner, and in addition, without removing the body of the printer is simply impossible. And some were inkjet printer.

Please also pay special attention to the parking space for ink cartridges. This is usually the one that can be sprayed with ink, along with the small area around it. You should try to clean them with isopropyl alcohol with a soft lint-free cloth.

Next, you should start to prevent the carriage movement system, namely by checking the condition of the slide bearing and the carriage guide shaft. Try to detach the guide shaft carefully from the printer housing and remove the carriage by checking for radial run-out in the slide bearing. To do so, simply swing the slide bearing in a plane perpendicular to the axis of the guide shaft with light movements of your fingers, try to feel the play in this connection. And if it is found, contact a service center to repair the printer. Then, before you can grease the guide shaft, you will need to thoroughly clean it of any accumulated dust. For this purpose, you can use isopropyl alcohol, for example, or, if it is not present, some other alcohol. Let’s say boron alcohol, or just vodka, for that matter. Be sure to take this procedure especially seriously, paying attention to literally every inch of shaft cover.

And finally, when you have a perfectly clean and necessarily dry guide shaft in your hands, you can begin to lubricate it. For this purpose, of course, it is best to use special oil, which you can probably only buy at a service center. But to buy this is not cheap oil just to lubricate once your home printer, in my opinion, will not be quite appropriate. So you can pick up the oil yourself, taking into account two things: first, the oil must be resistant to high temperatures resulting from friction, as well as be sensitive to temperature changes, and secondly, the oil should have as little viscosity as possible, to reduce the possibility of its coking over time. For example, you can use either liquid silicone grease or Vaseline oil to lubricate the guide shaft. These greases are not very expensive, but they meet all the necessary requirements. When greasing the guide shaft, apply the grease from the tube evenly over its entire length in small droplets. It will then simply be necessary to grind the grease across the entire surface of the roll. For this purpose it is best to use a tampon made of soft lint-free cloth. Remember: under no circumstances should you use cotton wool to lubricate the shaft, because when you use it on the shaft will certainly remain lint, which, as you understand, will be very undesirable in the mechanism of movement of the carriage. Lubricant should be spread evenly, very thinly, over the entire surface of the shaft. And it’s very important not to overdo it. Although the shaft should be lubricated well enough, it is not so much so that oil drips off it. Further, the same cleaning and lubrication procedures should also be carried out with the carriage slide bearing.



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