This is neither a training material nor a user manual. The article is of an exclusively entertaining nature. For all other questions, consult with lawyers.
Illegal content, sale of weapons, prohibited drugs… A lot of forums where people communicate in a more or less relaxed way, from the attention of supervising government agencies. All this is a dark web – partly hidden from curious eyes area of the Internet, with its help spin many stories, information scattered around the planet like sparks of forest fire, built and collapsed careers of the most influential people in the world. Yes, this is an interesting, but disturbing corner. If you plan to explore it, look at some information that might be useful.
The legitimacy of the visit.
In fact, there’s nothing illegal about surfing the dark web. The idea that a person commits a crime simply by getting on a site where they trade in banned goods is absurd. So if you make a deal on this list, then yes. Visitors do it at their own risk. Not all website owners and visitors are criminals. For example, many blogs, forums and other venues are closed to politics and sports.
Another issue is that some of the discussions are extremely disliked by senior officials from different countries and they begin a natural hunt for placing “unnecessary” information, weaving here various delusional laws. In any case, it should be understood that this network was created specifically for people interested in being anonymous. The key to visiting it is common sense. If some actions are considered illegal in ordinary life, then in a hidden network, they will not become a model of decency.
Most browsers can only browse sites with specific top-level domain names. Such as .com, .ru, .org, etc. However, the resources discussed in this article have a .onion pseudo domain. And you can only view them using special software, such as Tor or I2P.
These are anonymous programs, where the identifiers and location of users are protected by encryption technologies. Requests are redirected through multiple servers, making tracking extremely difficult.
It makes it difficult, but not impossible. Therefore, especially cautious guys additionally insure themselves by entering the Internet through a virtual private network – VPN. And even this is not all. Just to type in a search engine theme and run on the results will not work. The visitor needs to know what exactly he is looking for. To do this, you can go to special sites to see a list of closed websites.
The vast majority of illegal transactions are paid for by Bitcoins. Being a decentralized form of currency, the payer is very difficult to trace. However, mixing services have been invented to make transactions completely anonymous, in order to increase calm. Hence the multitude of scammers.
There are thousands of sites on a dark network offering their products. Forbidden goods, keys and passwords to programs, bank card numbers, personal information of citizens … And all the traders claim that they are the most honest and correct. Not always, but it often happens that the purchase never reaches the customer. And there’s not much you can do. By ordering forbidden goods, the buyer becomes a criminal himself. You can’t run to law enforcement, exposing a scream won’t help. The seller will simply change his nickname on one of the shadow exchanges, quietly continuing his business.
One of the most famous sites, in its time, was the resource “Silk Road”, offering fake identifiers, various substances of synthetic or natural origin, the use of which is addictive, etc. Its owner, using the pseudonym Dread Pirate Roberts, became if not a folk hero, then a figure very famous, in certain circles. At the end of 2013, the FBI managed to shut down the site and arrest the founder. It turned out to be an American Ross Ulbricht, who is still serving his sentence without the possibility of parole.
In 2015, Daniel Moore and Thomas Reed, IT specialists from King’s College in London, were conducting research into the dark network for several weeks. Some 3,000 sites were investigated and 57% of them contained illegal material.
The AlphaBay and Hansa online sites offered over 350,000 illegal items. It was estimated that in 2014 alone the turnover of these resources amounted to more than 1.5 billion dollars. Through the combined efforts of US, Dutch and Europol law enforcement agencies, trade was covered up and some of the participants were arrested.
However, you shouldn’t think it’s that bad. For example, the dark network has its own version of Facebook. If social networks are persecuted or monitored in the country, there is no need to look for an alternative for a long time. Various representatives of intelligence and reporters meet there with their informants, protecting wards from hostile governments. And quite legal programs cooperate with the closed zone. After meeting there, the parties can go to Telegram or Jabber, to clarify questions and details.
It turns out that the desire of the powerful to control everything and everything stumbles upon the desire of certain groups of people to avoid this attention, if possible. On the other hand, one should not forget the proverb: “If the Sun rises in the sky, then someone needs it”.
There is great doubt that a number of governments do not use the dark web, one way or another, to solve their perhaps not very beautiful tasks.