Why can you get jailed on the Internet?

Why can you get jailed on the Internet?

For example how in this case, quote:

What is not allowed. It is forbidden to humiliate people on the basis of gender, race, nationality, language, origin, attitude to religion or belonging to any social group.



In most cases, this article is judged for statements on the Internet (according to data analytical center “SOVA”, in 85% of cases). Especially often these are comments, reposts and pictures on social networks.

For example, in Moscow, an 18-year-old young man posted materials containing Nazi propaganda on VKontakte. On him brought criminal case.

+ in the Perm Territory for xenophobic articles on the Internet whether 5.5 years real term for a local resident.



Unfortunately, the courts do not disclose which statements they consider to be criminal. But the content of those convicted under this article usually ends up in Federal List of Extremist Materials.

Even with a cursory glance, it is clear that it is full of memes and demotivators on the topic of interethnic and interreligious relations. Be careful. You shouldn’t even joke about this.

The expression “belonging to a social group” deserves special interest. The law does not explain what it is. But from precedents it can be understood that any association containing more than one person can be attributed to a social group.

A 19-year-old resident of Saratov was sentenced to compulsory labor for inciting hatred of a social group “quilted jackets».

+ In Krasnoyarsk, a local activist was accused of inciting hatred towards a social group “nuclear scientists“After his publications on his page” VKontakte “.

What is not allowed. You cannot say what is desirable (and even more necessary):

This is not only about Crimea (although in 2015 the court condemned engineer from Tver for 2 years of real term for reposting an article titled “Crimea is Ukraine”), but also about the national movements of Russian regions.

For example, in Krasnodar for two years planted activist of the movement for the federalization of the Kuban.

+ In Buryatia, he received a suspended sentence got blogger who called for the unification of the Mongol peoples.

What is possible. Refrain from approving statements about extremism and terrorism, and even more so do not call others to it. And read carefully and watch what you repost. The author can start with abstract reasoning, and end with calls for extremism and separatism. And you will be to blame.

What is not allowed. It is forbidden to call for terrorism and publicly justify it. It cannot be said that terrorism is right, that it needs support and imitation.

I have not been able to find cases in which a meme or a photo-toad would be tried. Most often, the convicts did speak out with approval about terrorism or reposted those who did. Don’t do this if you don’t want to be in their place.

What is possible. Terrorism cannot be justified as a method, not the terrorists themselves. Those. psychological excuses like “he just got confused and got into bad company” or “he was young and inspiring” are not considered justifications for terrorism.

What is not allowed. It is forbidden to deny and approve of Nazi crimes proven by the Nuremberg Tribunal. It is forbidden to justify the main Nazi criminals. It is prohibited to “disseminate knowingly false information about the activities of the USSR during the Second World War.” It is forbidden to insult memorable dates of the Great Patriotic War and desecrate symbols of military glory.

Now in court the case is pending a political activist from Volgograd, who posted a photo toad with the image of the Motherland Monument covered in brilliant green.

What is possible. The problem is that no one, except specialists, knows what exactly the Nuremberg Tribunal condemned. Although a short version can be viewed in “Wikipedia”, But even her hard to remember.

What is not allowed. Unfortunately, the law does not explain what the feelings of believers are and what is their insult. It only says that the action must be public, it must express disrespect for society and the goal must be just an insult.

This article is rarely used: in 8 months 2017, only 4 convictions, therefore, it is still difficult to judge what is considered a crime and what is not.

The most famous story is Ruslan Sokolovsky casewho posted a video of catching Pokemon in the temple. He received a two and a half years probation. Other story – Sochi case, who repost cartoons with Christ on the horizontal bar, in the gym and on the dance floor. He was fined 50,000 rubles.

What is possible. Do not create or repost pictures, memes, gifs and videos that insult religious symbols and characters. Do not offend religion yourself or repost offensive articles.

Do not confuse warm with soft. Nobody forbids you to be an atheist and criticize religion. You can’t just do it in an offensive manner.

For companies – from 100,000 to 1,000,000 rubles and blocking.

What is not allowed. You can find a list of extremist materials here… The problem is that it is very large: as of September 2017, there are more than 4,200 articles in it. Moreover, it includes not only books and articles, but also videos, songs, memes and demotivators. Among them there are openly misanthropic ones, and there are quite innocent ones. They cannot be posted on their own page and cannot be repost.

In addition to materials openly devoted to hatred, pay special attention to religious articles: there are a lot of them on the list, and most cases under this article are brought up precisely because of religious materials. Moreover, religion does not matter: the list contains Christian, Muslim, Buddhist and pagan materials.

For companies – from 10,000 to 50,000 rubles and blocking.

What is not allowed. The law does not clarify what exactly is considered Nazi symbols. But most often it includes the swastika and the SS emblem in the form of two lightning bolts.

A separate topic is symbols similar to the Nazi swastika: the Celtic cross, Kolovrat, left-sided swastika, etc. They are also prohibited, because the law considers them similar to the swastika to the point of confusion. Recently in Orenburg the man was fined for the Celtic cross tattoo.

It’s easier with the symbols of banned organizations. They are all listed in a separate the list (it is not very large) with a description of the symbols. At the same time, not all of their symbols are prohibited, but only those that the organizations indicated in the constituent documents.

What is possible. Do not publish the swastika even as a joke. Although Roskomnadzor said that it does not consider publication without propaganda purposes a violation, in reality this is not always taken into account.

For companies – from 800,000 to 1,000,000 rubles and blocking.

What is not allowed. You can’t talk about the methods of making firearms and explosives. Even for peaceful purposes: for example, if you are engaged in chemistry and pyrotechnics. This prohibition is unambiguous and has no interpretation. Just don’t post such information.

For companies – from 800,000 to 1,000,000 rubles and blocking.

What is not allowed. Prohibited tell you how to develop, manufacture and use drugs. You cannot talk about the cultivation of narcotic plants and the benefits of narcotic substances.

What is possible. In 2015, it was proposed to introduce not a fine, but a criminal punishment for drug propaganda. But the law did not pass the first reading in the Duma. At the same time, it was proposed to ban images of drugs, but lawmakers faced technical difficulties: how to understand from a photograph that white powder is a drug and not powdered sugar? And that the characteristic plant is hemp, and not, say, pakhira aquatic, which has very similar leaves? So images, especially stylized ones, are still allowed. But only if explanatory inscriptions are not attached to them, otherwise it is propaganda.

For companies – 1,000,000 rubles and blocking.

What is not allowed. It is forbidden to disseminate information “aimed at the formation of non-traditional sexual attitudes among minors.” It cannot be said that homosexual and heterosexual relationships are socially equal. You can not impose information on homosexuality on children and arouse their interest in the topic.

What is possible. The law applies only to children, and therefore it is not difficult to get around it – just put the 18+ badge in a prominent place on the site, and write about anything on the topic. Legislators believe that this is sufficient.

For companies – from 40,000 to 50,000 rubles and blocking.

What is not allowed. It is forbidden to tell children in detail about the methods and methods of suicide.

What is possible. The prohibition applies only to children. Therefore, you can bypass it in the same way as the previous one – put an 18+ badge. Although in 2016 RKN issued recommendations about careful coverage of suicides, but they only concern the media so far. Regular sites can write whatever they want.

I don’t know how much truth there is in the statements about cooperation between VKontakte and the investigating authorities. In general, I think that the best way to protect yourself is not speak out on the topics mentioned at allor do it as correctly as possible… But for insurance, it might be worth considering changing your social network.

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